The paradox of the technology market in Brazil

Published on 05/27/2022 06:00

    (Credit: Information and Technological Communications: Brakes on studies and bids to implement 5G technology in the country and applied nanotechnology studies. (Source: Conexis Brasil Digital))

(Credit: Information and Technological Communications: Brakes on studies and bids to implement 5G technology in the country and applied nanotechnology studies. (Source: Conexis Brasil Digital))

Vitor Cavalcanti – Director General of the Institute of Information Technology

At least in the past eight years, I’ve heard, emphatically, that there is a shortage of qualified professionals for the technology market in Brazil, both on the part of those who sell technology and those who buy. But not every appeal in a country with millions of unemployed and underemployed people seems to make a difference. As the Folha de S. newspaper recently reported, using the abbreviation in English for the same training sectors.

Between 2009 and 2019, the number of graduates in these regions fell from 67,000 to 60,000, according to a survey by consultancy IDados based on data from Inep. But the hole is down. With a weak base of math and logic, boys and girls who are eager to study programming, for example, find it very difficult to progress in this type of course and give up. Initially, this affects undergraduates, as failing the basic things, most will choose courses that require less of this type of knowledge, resulting in a much larger number of people trained in social sciences, communication and business.

The big problem is that the need for 100% stem or even professionals with technological and digital skills is only growing. In the coming years, the demand for entry-level technology professionals, i.e. programmers and support, to higher levels, such as data scientists and advanced specialists in artificial and quantitative intelligence, for example, will exceed 800,000 vacancies, easily accessible 1 million jobs if we use information From both Brasscom and McKinsey.

To further complicate the equation, the country suffers from a loss of human capital, whose competition is no longer limited to the proposals of expatriates. The pandemic has accelerated the possibility of working remotely from anywhere in the world, so Brazilian companies are competing with global companies for professionals who live in Brazilian cities. That would be great if we trained people to the extent necessary to meet our demand and also export talent, but that’s far from our reality.

It is time for us to understand that the lack of a clear education policy and incentives for strategic careers will jeopardize the country’s future. This lack of well-trained people, among countless problems, generates two voids in the economy: generating quality jobs, being transferred to nations that bet and invest in the professions of the future, and producing technology.

There are many seeds sown to help make more people. The IT Mídia Institute, for example, administers the 14-year Professional of the Future program, which awards scholarships for undergraduate technology courses. There were more than 650 grants, which is not enough to the scale of the problem, but it is enough to change the story of 650 lives. The institute itself is led by the Eu Capacito platform, which helps on two fronts: awakening interest in technology and providing digital and human skills. In a year and a half, more than 800,000 people were affected by at least one of 135 cycles.

If our basic education is of high quality, then I can talk about 800,000 people who have been trained, but most of them cannot complete the programming course due to lack of basic knowledge of logic. Once again, we need a country project that prioritizes education on all levels and fronts and encourages the strategic jobs that will take us into the future.

We need more and more companies to fulfill their social role of supporting projects such as those of the Institute, strengthening alliances to support research in public universities and funding projects that champion the quality of basic education. Education is changing, but before that we need country vision and hands that support to change not 600, but thousands of lives.

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