What do you mean to us? dreams? The world of dreams has long been the subject of study for psychologists and psychoanalysts, who seek to understand human psychology. FreudAnd mahjong Other theorists have always tried to understand The meaning of dreams Through them, to find answers about the subconscious.
understand the meaning of dreams It can be an important tool for self-knowledge and discovery. Pictures and scenarios can represent different aspects of your life or the world. However, views and theories about Interpretation of dreams Branching from theory to theory.
But in advance, we can tell you one thing about the meaning of dreams: there is no objective and concrete answer. Tooth dreamAnd Lice dream And dream about snakes They may have different meanings for each and the full understanding of these symbols formed by the subconscious may not occur. But with theoretical knowledge, supporting literature and the work of psychologists, you can reach different layers of yourself.
In this text, we will discuss the main theoretical currents in dream analysis, based on Sigmund Freud and Carl JungPsychoanalysts of different theoretical currents who note the meaning of dreams differently.
The meanings of dreams – Freud
Sigmund Freud He is considered the father of psychology for being one of the pioneers in understanding human psychology in a scientific way. In his thought, Freud formulates many psychological structures of influence and formation of sexual desire in an attempt to decipher human nature. But how does this relate to the meaning of dreams?
Freud’s main method of treating his patients was free association. He made the people he dealt with constantly talking, with some notes. idea Freud She was trying to reach her subconscious through long therapy sessions.
Free association will allow Freud to access the moments when the subconscious is liberated and manifested in people’s speech. Patients began accessing files shocks After the sessions, in addition to the shocks, they also reached their desires that were suppressed by rationality.
The unconscious will be a part of the human psyche where their secret desires – such as sex – and their repressed traumas – are designated as states that occurred during a patient’s childhood and which were forgotten by consciousness.
To interpret the meaning of dreams, Freud understood that the logic was no different. According to the father of psychoanalysis, dreams were a space for access to the subconscious that would allow the fulfillment of desires and highlight concepts he had already addressed, such as Oedipus syndrome and death engine.
In his book The Interpretation of Dreams, from 1900, Freud talks at length about his theory of interpretation – scientifically – of the meaning of dreams.
His reflection on the interpretation of his dream was crucial in trying to understand this moment as a scientific fact. Previously, the world of dreams was based on superstitions, such as “Dreaming of a snake means that your uncle will die.” for FreudDreams can be interpreted on scientific grounds. But a lot of science has also hinted at meaningless dreams.
“I have had to realize that here, again, we have one of those not rare instances in which ancient folk belief and stubbornness seem to have come closer to the truth of the matter than the opinion of modern science. I must insist that dreaming has meaning, and that the scientific method of dreaming And their interpretation is possible,” he explains.
Freud explains that a file The meaning of dreams It is like free association: they display repressed feelings and instincts and always try to satisfy unconscious desires.
“When we sleep, ‘unwanted thoughts’ appear, due to the laxity of critical thinking about oneself, which may affect the orientation of our thoughts. We are used to talking about fatigue as the cause of this inaction. Then the unwanted thoughts turn into visual and auditory images.”
Then deals with the method. For Freud, the patient should simply write down his dreams without trying to understand them beforehand. In a notebook, you take notes. “The psychic energy that is saved (or part of it) is employed by closely observing the unwanted thoughts that are now emerging,” continues the father of psychoanalysis.
“Most of my patients get this after my first few instructions. I can do it completely myself, if the process helps by writing down the thoughts that go through my mind. The amount of psychic energy by which critical activity is reduced, and by which the intensity of self-observation can be increased, It varies greatly according to the topic on which attention should be fixed.
throughout the book, Freud He analyzes the dreams of many patients, about himself and his family members. For example, he made notes about the dream of his daughter Anna. The child woke up and told the father about the dream: “Anna Freud, mulango, mulango, omelette, dad!”. The psychoanalyst realized that the dream was the fulfillment of an old desire for his daughter: to eat strawberries. The child could not eat the fruit due to an allergy and had to resolve this unsatisfied craving in himself. The story symbolizes the meaning of dreams for Freud: Satisfying the desires that we suppress in our conscious life.
However, the interpretation Freud It is not necessarily accepted by a large portion of psychologists. A number of mental health professionals do not attribute meanings to dreams. But there are also those who see in the world of dreams something beyond the satisfaction of lustful desires. This is the case Carl Jungthe historical opponent of Sigmund Freud.
The Meaning of Dreams – Carl Jung
Jung was a great friend of Sigmund Freud, but disagreements over personal and theoretical issues led to the alienation of professional partners. The meanings of dreams were part of this irreconcilable quarrel between comrades.
For Jung, the psyche is more than an instrument of desires. The founder of the school of analytical psychology sees the human mind as organized from an individuality and a relationship with the world mediated by symbols. It’s what the psychoanalyst describes as the “collective unconscious.”
“The dream shows the patient’s inner truth and reality as it really is: not as I imagine it, not as he would like it to be, but as he is.” “
To understand the meaning of dreams through Carl Jung, it is necessary to understand the concept of archetype. Archetypes are an ancient psychological heritage of humanity that represents human memories. These legacies are found in religious symbols, myths, legends, and works of art all over the world.
Why, for example, is the representation of wisdom across different cultures an old man or an old woman, usually lonely, living in contact with nature? This idea, for example, is manifested in the Tarot card of Hermit. For Jung, dreams with figures of this type represent a connection between the subject and itself, that is, the search for self-knowledge and discernment.
“The less we understand what our ancestors were looking for, the less we understand ourselves, and thus help with all our might to rob the individual of his roots and his guiding instincts, so that he becomes a particle in the mass,” explains Jung.
For analytical psychology, dreams represent more than just access to meaning my existence An individual has access to his unconscious desires.
Symbols and archetypes in dreams can tell us about problems in our conscious life, closing people, or problems with the world around us.
Throughout his life, Jung interpreted more than 80,000 meanings of dreams – both from his patients and from himself and from reports from other cultures – and sought to find commonalities between the dream worlds of different people.
For him, the human psyche has the following structure and dream symbols that correspond to these aspects:
Personality: is who you are, how you see yourself in the world; It’s your conscience
Shadow: The shadow is more about the Freudian mind, and about the traumas and pent-up desires of your person
Anima: The anima is the feminine aspect of the topic related to mythological notions of femininity
Animus The animus is the masculine aspect of the subject, associated with masculine perceptions of femininity
Self: related to the search for self-knowledge, wisdom, happiness, the meaning of existence and the destiny of man
The world of dreams revolves around mythical characters and representations of everyday life and the meaning of dreams deals with the concepts mentioned above. The most important reading of Jung’s conception of dreams is “The Man and His Symbols”.
There are other theories about the meaning of dreams, but the main lines – especially in psychoanalysis – are the theories of Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud.