Two new satellites launched from Brazil by a SpaceX rocket | Technique

The two new Brazilian satellites, which were purchased by Brazil through the Finnish company Iceye, were launched in 2020, from the Cape Canaveral space base, in Florida, United States, on Wednesday (25). The launch was broadcast live on social media. (See the video above).

SpaceX, a company owned by American billionaire Elon Musk, was hired by Iceye to launch satellites and put them into orbit with a Falcon 9 rocket. These negotiations did not include the Brazilian government.

Named Carcará I and Carcará II, in honor of the Brazilian bird of prey, the federal government claims to have purchased the satellites with funds from the Ministry of Defense budget. The two cost US$33 million – about R$165 million – and are part of the Lisonia project.

According to the Brazilian Air Force (FAB), it will allow to constantly monitor areas of importance in the country to combat crimes such as drug trafficking and monitor natural disasters.

Operation will only begin definitively in November, this time with the equipment needing to adapt to orbit, says FAB. Details of how this monitoring is implemented, such as issuing alerts to public security or environmental agencies, were not disclosed.

“The satellite imagery will be used to support the fight against drug trafficking and illegal mining, mapping product update, river navigability identification, fire display, natural disaster monitoring, EEZ monitoring and support surveillance and border control operations, from Among other capabilities.

Satellites were put into orbit by Elon Musk’s SpaceX rocket – Photo: Reproduction

The commander of the Brazilian Air Force, Carlos de Almeida Baptista Jr., also stated that the satellites will use radar technology that allows monitoring of the terrain even when there is cloud cover with high-resolution images.

“It’s more accurate than scanning satellites, which have a more limited reading, because they don’t penetrate clouds and limit our ability to monitor areas like the Amazon,” he said in a statement.

However, this statement is disputed by Gilberto Camara, a specialist in satellite monitoring with a history of more than 4 decades of experience in the environmental field.

He was Director of the National Institute for Space Research (Inpe) between 2005 and 2012 and Director of the United Nations Organization Working with Earth Observations (Group on Earth Observations) from 2018 to 2021.

“We already have an inspection system that is admired all over the world. Inpe’s work contains 1,500 scientific articles. There is no scientific evidence for these two satellites. There is no claim in science, there is scientific evidence and evidence. They talk about a rare technology, but it is not known whether This was real. Every week Inpe updates the particular mode with alerts. How will these new alerts come out?”, he asks.

“I can assure you that no system currently offers the quality of what Brazil does for tropical forest monitoring. Only our system has the necessary characteristics,” says Camara.

Since 1988, the National Institute for Space Research (Inpe), affiliated with the Ministry of Science and Technology, has been receiving and processing data on forest loss. The images are obtained via satellite and the accuracy level is 95% according to the institute itself.

Also, according to the Federal Board of Directors, each satellite has a volume of one cubic meter, weighs about 100 kilograms and has five solar panels.

A satellite image shows smoke rising from the Amazon region to the south and southeast of the country – Image: Disclosure/Enppi

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