The Dry Life: An Analysis of the Work of Graziliano Ramos

dry life It is a book by Brazilian writer Graziliano Ramos and first published in 1938. The work, divided into 13 chapters, tells the story of a family of immigrants in the northeastern backlands: Vapiano, Sinha Vitoria, the youngest boy, the youngest boy as old as the man and the whale dog.

Thus, the author, born in 1892 and died in 1953, builds a tale without parables, in which the reality of drought and misery in the northeastern region of the country is revealed. For this purpose, he uses an omniscient narrator who tells through the prism of the protagonists of the 1930 novel of Brazilian Modernism.

Read also: suffering – Analysis of this other novel by Graciliano Ramos

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summary of dry life

  • dry life It is a novel by Alagoas Graziliano Ramos.

  • The work was first published in 1938 and tells the story of a family of immigrants.

  • The narrative takes place, perhaps, during the beginning of the twentieth century, in the northeastern hinterland.

  • The book is narrated by an omniscient narrator who uses the point of view of the protagonists.

  • dry life Part of the second phase of Brazilian modernity.

  • This work by Graziliano Ramos is distinguished by its realistic and territorial character.

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work analysis dry life

  • Action Figures dry life

    • Fabian

    • Sinha Vitoria

    • smallest

    • the oldest

    • whale

    • yellow soldier

    • Thomas da Bolandera

    • Sinha Tirta

  • work time dry life

The narration time is not specified. But everything indicates that the story happened sometime during the first three decades of the 20th century. Thus, in this work, what prevails is psychological time.

  • Workspace dry life

The Northeastern Outback is the writer’s workspace dry life.

  • Action plot dry life

Sinha Vittoria and Fabiano and their two children and the dog BaleaThey are all hungry, crawling in search of shade. In front of them, “the katenga stretched out, indecisive red dotted with white spots that were bony.” They arrived at an abandoned farm. There, Baleia captures Kavya. Vapiano lights a small fire to roast the toy. After the rain, the farm is reborn. The family lives there with renewed hope.

Fabiano does not consider himself a man, because “he was just a goat busy keeping other people’s things”. And he concludes: “You are an animal, Fabiano.” Know that children are “inquiring”. But he sees knowledge as nothing positive: “If I learn anything, I will need to learn more, and I will never be satisfied.” He remembers Thomas da Bolandera, who read a lot, and for this he could not stand the harsh reality.

On one occasion, Fabiano “went to the city fair to buy groceries.” He takes the opportunity to have a drink and then “goes to sit on the sidewalk, determined to talk.” Then a yellow soldier approaches and invites him to play the role of thirty-one. In the face of this outfit he feels fear and accepts it. Finally, they differ. Fabiano was arrested, beaten and humiliated by the police.

Sinha Vitoria is as tough as her husband, but smarter from him. She dreams of having “a real bed made of leather and scoopera, just like Tomás da bolandeira”. While Vapiano takes care of the land and the animals, she takes care of the home and the children. The younger child admires his father, the way he “gibbed the sorrel mare and began to tame it.”

The The youngest boy wants to be like his father He decides to ride the goat that “jumped a lot”. But the boy resists until he falls on the sand and is humiliated. And he is angry with his brother and the dog, because “he found in them no evidence of solidarity.” On the contrary, “Brother laughed like a madman, worn out, earnest, upset about it all.”

The The older boy is more questioning And he wants to know from his mother what the hell is. He also wants to know if she’s ever seen Hell before. Sinha Vitória gets upset and “gives him a cocorote”. He was enraged and went away with Balea, whom he considered “the only living being who showed sympathy for him”.

The family decides to go “to a Christmas party in town”. Fabiano is uncomfortable, “Tight in a white denim outfit made by Sinha Tirta.” On the other hand, Sinha Vittoria was “poorly balanced in her high-heeled shoes”. Vapiano gets drunk, looks for a fight, but ends up sleeping with “Quengo over vaquita boots”.

Balea with her family in the city, the last moment of happiness for the dog, as she soon falls ill. She loses weight, her hair is falling out “in several places”, and on her ribs, “dark spots bled and bled, covered with flies.” Fabiano concluded that she had “onset of hydrophobia” and decided to kill the animal.

The family, although better off than they were in the dry season, didn’t have much money, as “Vabiano got a quarter of calves and a third of goats in the section.” In addition, his boss always deceives him. When he complains, his boss gets angry, and Fabiano lowers his head.

When he meets the Yellow Soldier again and has the opportunity to take revenge, because they are alone in the bush, Fabiano does not have the courage: “He took off his leather hat and bowed and taught the Yellow Soldier the way.” |1| Then a new drought took over the region. and the The family, once again, is forced to emigrate.

  • The narrator of the work dry life

romance dry life he have The omniscient narrator, who has complete knowledge of the facts and the inner world of the characters. This way the story is told from the perspective of these characters.

  • work characteristics dry life

The novel was first published in 1938. It has a fragmented appearance, because it brings the special vision of each of the protagonists of the action. It is divided into 13 chapters It is part of the second phase of Brazilian modernity. Thus, it has the characteristics of the novel of the 1930s:

Read also: public domain Analysis of this novel by Guimarães Rosa

Graziliano Ramos

Graziliano Ramos Born October 27, 1892, in Coprangelo, in the state of Alagoas. Three years later, he moved to Boiqui in Pernambuco. In 1899, he returned to Alagoas, and now resides in the city of Vicosa, where he began studying at the Alagoas Boarding School. In 1905, he went to live in Maceió and studied at Colégio 15 de Março.

Graziliano Ramos.
Graciliano Ramos was one of the main authors of the second phase of Brazilian modernity and one of the greatest prose writers in national literature.

In 1910, he moved to Palmira dos Ondios, still in Alagoas. In 1927, he became mayor of that city. Due to political persecution by the Vargas government, he was arrested in 1936 and imprisoned for about a year. he is He died on March 20, 1953in Rio de Janeiro.

Historical context of dry life

date of dry life may be located in Context of the Old Republic (1889-1930). During this period, the policy of coffee with milk was in force, during which representatives of the states of Minas Gerais and São Paulo took turns in power. At that time, coronalism also prevailed.

So, All over Brazil, there were authoritarian landowners (“The Crown”), with financial and political power, who interfered in the elections. But this situation began to change when, in 1930, a military coup placed Getulio Vargas (1882–1954) into the Brazilian presidency. Later, in 1937, Vargas decreed “Estado Novo” and established a dictatorship in the country.


| 1 | Ramos, Graciliano. dry life. 76. Ed. Rio de Janeiro: Record, 1998.

Written by Warley Souza
literature teacher

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