After 26 years of investigation, a report published by the University of Johannesburg last Tuesday (17/05) indicated a satisfactory comparison of the possible origin of the Hypatia space stone, which was found in 1996. The experts responsible for the case decided that the substance responsible for the formation of the element does not belong to our system The solar system, which indicates that the universe is larger than imagined.
Hypatia was found in the Egyptian desert, and since then it has undergone a series of studies that can determine its source. However, only this week experts on the case discovered the compatibility of chemical elements found in the body.
With this, it was found that the stone in space originated from a very rare supernova explosion, classified as Type IA, which is considered one of the most energetic events in the universe.
The group of scientists has satisfactorily identified 15 chemical elements in the stone, including high levels of iron, sulfur, phosphorous, copper and vanadium, as well as low levels of silicon, which is not uncommon in terrestrial rocks.
This pattern indicates that Hypatia is very different from anything in our solar system. That’s because the bodies in the asteroid and the meteorite belts weren’t compatible either, with experts betting on origins outside the Milky Way.
Stone in space tangible evidence of the expansion of the universe
Some studies have already indicated the size of the observable universe, with estimates developed over the years.
For experts, if we look in any direction, the farthest visible regions are about 46 billion light-years away. This means a diameter of 540 sextillion miles, or 54 followed by 22 zeros.
This number seems immeasurable to humans, but the emergence of concrete evidence, such as the Hypatia space stone, proves that its expansion is appreciable and has been happening for millions of years, although its exact size is uncertain.
In addition to scientists, the topic also arouses interest in people. According to a survey conducted by the blog, there have been about 2,900 monthly searches about the size of the universe in the past 12 months on search and target user platforms, such as Google Trends and SEMRush, for example. However, even experts are still unable to answer this question.
How does a supernova happen to artificial intelligence
Several factors have collaborated to determine that the Egyptian space rock may have originated from an artificial intelligence supernova.
Of the fifteen elements identified in Hypatia, eight are found in these events, namely silicon, sulfur, calcium, titanium, vanadium, chromium, manganese, iron, and nickel. These elements are left in the universe, called forensic chemistry, from explosions that occur in phases.
Initially, a red giant star, at the end of its life, collides with a white dwarf star, which is a very dense type, compatible with the mass of the Sun. However, it is not among the largest celestial bodies in the universe.
For this reason, collisions do not generate very powerful explosions, so they do not disintegrate all the components of stars, which can eventually generate stones in space, which fall to Earth in the form of meteors when the particles cool.
Stone ingredients help experts learn more about the universe
In addition, other factors also help specialists when determining the origins of the Hypatia stone, and thus learn more about the universe itself.
This is because only areas that allow thermal explosions can generate components with the specified chemical elements.
For example, the element would not have come from the coldest place in the universe, currently the Boomerang Nebula, which can reach temperatures as low as -272 ° C, Petway offers. Moreover, Professor Abdullah also explains that in space, “there are places with very low temperatures, such as, for example, distant planets, where the temperature is a few degrees higher than absolute zero.”
Data like this helps scientists increasingly discover how and where outer space works, also allowing others to answer their doubts, even if they seem impossible to measure.