Experts point out that the future of urban mobility has technology as an ally

The Summit Mobility 2022 This Friday, 20, arrived on the last day of discussions with an event in Casa Bossa, in São Paulo, where experts gathered to discuss public and private initiatives around shifting patterns to improve traffic and preserve the environment

The first meeting was mediated by Victor Vieira, editor of Metrópole do Brasil. stadiumwith the participation of Renata Falzoni, architect, urban planner, journalist and circular activist, Sergio Avellida, coordinator of the urban mobility core of the Futuro de Cidades Laboratory in Inspir, Mariana Cruz, coordinator of government relations in Tempeci, and Vinicius Andrade, architect, urban planner and teacher at Escola da Cidade.

For Mariana, the issue of infrastructure is the first obstacle to changing situations. “When we don’t have the infrastructure, it’s hard to convince someone who’s never cycled in a big city or big center.”

James Scavon, co-founder and CEO of Davinci, understands that issues such as security and general lighting are points, also in infrastructure, that must be taken into account. “People not only go to work on a scooter but also come back at night and need to feel safe with that choice. If the scooter wasn’t foldable, it would be difficult to stow in a section of your choice for subway rides or any other form. Integration is key.” “

Sérgio Avelleda emphasizes that it is necessary to change some perceptions. “There is no door-to-door public transportation. Public transportation standardizes travel through stations and bus stops, but the way people get to these places is either on foot, by bike, moped or by car. To expand the public transportation matrix, it is necessary to overcome on the view that the sidewalk belongs to the property owner,” he says.

Vinicius realizes that knowledge needs to be distributed among different areas of research. The debate on mobility issues only grows when there is cooperation.

“We need to separate knowledge from the city. The city is an interdisciplinary field of work, not a discipline. For me, a discussion of mobility involves, above all, a discussion of the city’s morphology. It defines our need to move throughout an urban space,” he says.

For Renata Falzone, the main obstacle is to prioritize cars at a time when the city’s displacement is being planned. “Example: In the city of São Paulo, we have 4 thousand employees in the field of mobility. Ten are interested in active movement which is walking. If you imagine that 33% of trips are made only on foot, this is a very small number of professionals. The focus should be on Life, moving people, not cars.”

“We ended up talking a lot about bottlenecks, but good practice was encouraged by cities, and it’s always good to remember the developments we’re promoting.” Mariana Cruz says:

Is it possible to achieve zero emissions in transportation?

In a conversation about the major technological and financial barriers that Brazil faces to electric mobility access, Andrea Santos, Professor of Transportation Engineering Program at UFRJ, Cristina Albuquerque, Director of Urban Mobility at WRI Brasil, and Rafael Calabria, Mobility Coordinator Idec spoke about some of the mishaps that researchers and engineers have faced Architects and other professionals when it comes to reducing carbon emissions from transportation.

Christina Albuquerque sees the fiscal barrier as a point that needs support from the federal government. “Our main barrier today is the financial problem, lowering the prices of these cars, and therefore, we need federal incentives. We have some local initiatives, but when it comes to a national stand, we don’t have support from the federal government. We need decision-making by the state as a whole, as there are municipal and small-state initiatives and we welcome them, but we need to move forward.”

Raphael says the financial barrier is huge and adds to the administrative barrier. We do not have management formats that encourage the use of electric vehicles at the national level. We want the federal government to support this agenda, given its financial and technical ability to direct and direct municipalities to advance electric buses to reduce pollutant emissions. Today we are hostages to the will of the business community.”

For Andrea Santos, cities are moving to attract resources and want to convert their small pilot projects to scale. The professor also mentioned green hydrogen and the great potential that Brazil has for the use of this fuel. “From my point of view, we have technologies, but it’s in a very embryonic stage, we need to accelerate the fall of all these barriers to get there,” Andrea concluded.

The future of mobility in large urban centers

Tiao Oliveira Newspaper Editor Car Magazinefrom stadium, was responsible for bringing together Eduardo Soriano Losada, Director of the Applied Technologies Division at the Ministry of Technology, Science and Innovation, Eliana Martins de Mello, Cepesp/FGV Researcher in Urban and Transport Economics, and Samuel Salomao, Coordinator and Director of Speedbird Aero Products, in a discussion about the future of mobility in Brazil. The four talked about which strategies are being adopted by the government and which technologies are being studied to be implemented in the country, to ensure adequate mobility, as well as zero carbon emissions.

Experts agree that Brazil faces challenges beyond the commitments made at COP-26, the United Nations climate conference, held last year in Scotland. For Eliana, solutions will come through policy, which is responsible for regulating the application of technologies and also driving research and driving the transformations that large cities require in terms of urban mobility. The solution is always in politics. Coming from community demand, discussion with community and response from policies.

Eduardo commented on the introduction of postgraduate specialists to increase the market’s capacity for research and innovation. “We have a lot of resources to train highly capable people, we need to work hand in hand with regulation and technology development and this needs to be balanced.”

Although many problems still need to be resolved, Brazil has advanced in strategies. Salomao believes that the air model will soon be included as a means of transportation to make deliveries, using drones. “We need rules for this transfer to happen. Drones will pass through pre-defined air corridors. Certified aircraft, so we can do this work safely and benefit the community.”

Today we already have operations running in Aracaju, since January. We have operations in the Northeast, we also have operations with BRF and soon, we want to produce and operate these aircraft elsewhere in Brazil, mandated by ANAC. Sometimes we talk about drones and people think it’s going to hit your window, but it’s not that simple. It’s a very complex and interrelated business with other modes.”

One of the applications of air delivery is healthcare. Air transportation has been used to assist physicians and expedite emergency care. Samuel Salumau gave examples such as Alice, a pregnant woman who had lost a lot of blood and she and the baby needed replacement bags. The delivery time was shortened by a drone, which took a box with collected materials with the help of a parachute. “We are very proud to say that lives were saved thanks to the speed with which we were able to work with the drones,” Samuel says.

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