Learn in this article What is a transitive verb?. Also know about direct transitive verbsyou indirect transitive verbs and the imperative verb.
Despite being a subject that scares most users of the Portuguese language, we will soon see that there is nothing to fear.
Since our role here is to simplify your life, we have prepared an important article about Concepts of transitive transitive verbs, as well as direct, indirect and Latin transitive verbs, along with many ExamplesTo facilitate your understanding.
Without further ado, let’s go!
What is verbal transit?
The verbal transit It is related to the need to act or not compliment.
In this sense, verbs can be transitive or Necessary.
Offering what we will see in more detail below, transitive verb they are who need to from complement To fully understand. transitive verbs can remain so directly or not directly.
In turn, the imperative verb They are those who already have their full meaning, themselves, You don’t need a verbal complement.
Let us now analyze, in a complete way, the verbal transit.
What is a transitive verb?
As mentioned earlier, transitive verbs are those need to supplement amounttoin order to complete its meaning.
Let’s take an example:
Mom Sold Fruits and vegetables.
Note above that the file verb “Sold” need a compliment to have the full meaning.
Now, wouldn’t it be weird for someone, without any context, to say “my mom bought it”?
Thus, for the sentence to have meaning, the verb must be completed.
“What did your mother buy? She bought fruits and vegetables.
look at this “Fruits and vegetablesand the compliment From the verb form “bought” in the sentence above.
Let’s move on to another example:
My mother in law he love Muna.
Note that if the phrase “my mother-in-law loves it” wouldn’t make much sense, would it? Therefore, it is important to have a supplement.
“who do you Love? “She likes me.”
See other examples:
me opinion my best friend yesterday.
Brother success on your best friend.
for these Verbal Supplementsit’s called Goal.
So, taking the last sentence above, we have the following:
- transitive verb: success
- Goal (hit who?): on your best friend.
Now let’s move on to the very important part.
As we said at the beginning of the article, they can be transitive verbs directly or not directly.
- you direct transitive verbs It is the one in which the verb completes Not governed by the preposition.
- you indirect transitive verbs It is the one in which the verb completes governed by the preposition.
Let us now analyze, separately, direct transitive verbs and indirect transitive verbs.
What is a direct transitive verb?
A direct transitive verb is a verb that needs a complement, and this The complement does not need a preposition. Thus, in this case, this complement is called object of transitive verb.
In these cases, the main device for determining a direct transitive verb is A question What happens to the act.
If the questions are appropriatewhat? “or”from? To transitive verbs, they will be directly, since the preposition would not be needed in its complement. Do not understand yet? Let’s go to some examples.
me I ate the pasta.
The verb He “ate”. So, ask the question:what did you eat? “I realize you’re missing an extra job, right? This compliment that it “the pastaSee it in this add-on There is no preposition. Thus, the verb “eat” is a direct transitive verb. And its complement is object of transitive verb.
- direct transitive verb: Eat
- object of transitive verb: the pasta.
me kisses My Father.
“kisses from?; “My FatherSo note that the complement of the verb “beijou” is “my father.” In this way, as No need for a prepositionthe verb is direct transitive, and the object (complement) is direct.
- direct transitive verb: Kiss
- object of transitive verb: My Father
What is an indirect transitive verb?
An indirect transitive verb is a verb that needs a complement, and this Complement needs a preposition. This supplement is called indirect target.
In this sense, it is important to know that there are many of them Prepositions that can accompany the sequel, such as prepositions”at“,”The”“at“,”to“,”With‘, among other things.
In this way, the file Questions Which verbs fit are:From what? “,”who who? “,”For what? “,”in from”, among others, depending on the requirements of the act.
Let’s look at some examples:
My Father he love of beer and wine.
“What does my father like?” ; Of beer and wine. See that compliment From the verb “I like” it is controlled by preposition “atThus, the verb ‘like’ is indirect transitiveand yours indirect object.
- indirect transitive verb: to love
- indirect object: of beer and wine
Let’s move on to another example:
i believe you.
“Who do I believe?” ; “in you”. Note that the verb is transitive, because it needs a complement, and since the complement is governed by a preposition“at“It is an indirect transmission.
- indirect transitive verb: to believe
- indirect object: in you.
See other transitive verbs applied in sentences.
me I suspect in you every day.
Is he there It depends Muna For everything.
Children must to obey for parents.
What is a direct and indirect transitive verb?
However, there is also a direct and indirect transitive verb number, a verb that can have Two kinds of things at onceyou Direct and indirect thingsThat is, it contains a complement not a preposition and another Already set.
me was given my shirt to my brother.
See that verb ‘give’ accept object of transitive verb And not directly“To him who gives, give something to someone“.
See the questions: “What was given?” ; “My shirt” / Whose? To my brother. Thus, the direct object is the thing that does not contain the preposition ‘my shirt’, and the indirect object is the thing that contains the preposition ‘to my brother’
- direct and indirect transitive verb: to give
- object of transitive verb: my shirt
- indirect object: to my brother
See another example below:
me warned Brother from rain.
Look at “Who warns, warns someone about something” or “Writes something to someone”.
Thus, in the above case, “Who warned?” ; “Brother” / “From what? From the rain.”
Thus the direct object is “my brother” and the indirect object is “from the rain.”
- direct and indirect transitive verb: Warn
- object of transitive verb: Brother
- indirect object: from rain
Below we can see other sentences with direct and indirect transitive verbs:
me I sent flowers for the deceased.
me I dedicate This tribute for my friend.
I’m not going exposure This is amazing for the head of the company.
To finish our article on verbal transit, let’s now talk about intransitive verbs.
What is the necessary action?
An intransitive verb, unlike transitive, is that No supplement needed to have meaning, that is, in and of itself, Really feeling full.
Thus, there are no direct or indirect objects in sentences containing intransitive verbs. Can’t think of any necessary verbs? See below, where we gave you some examples.
My Father Die.
Note that the verb “to die” does not need a complement, as it has a complete meaning by itself.
However, see the sentence below:
My Father Die from a car accident.
You might be wondering, “But isn’t ‘car accident’ something indirect?”
no honey. In this case, “car accident” is auxiliary adverbbecause it describes the way death occurred, and is not a verbal complement to the verb “to die.”
Let’s move on to another example:
my sister’s neighbor has arrived.
Note that the above sentence is in the full sense and therefore does not need a verbal complement.
Similar to the previous example, see the following sentence:
my sister’s neighbor has arrived Last night.
f there? Is “last night” a direct thing? No, my dear. In this case, this term is also a auxiliary adverbwhich indicates the arrival time of the neighbor.
Below we can see other examples of sentences containing intransitive verbs:
My nephew he was born.
my mom’s grandmother went out.
Reginaldo, mayor of my city, He mourned.
When she died, she didn’t suffer.
My aunt He fell.
Child he slept.
Good guys! This was our article about what verbal transmission is.
We seek to evoke the concepts of transitive verbs, direct and indirect transitive verbs, and intransitive verbs, as well as some examples, to facilitate their understanding. We hope you have enjoyed.
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