Belo Horizonte (MG) delayed receiving 5G technology until July 31

Belo Horizonte (MG) is running out of time to receive 5G by July 31 this year, the date that Anatel set in the auction notices held in 2021. According to the rule, all capitals should receive 5G mobile internet by the end of 2021. End The seventh month of 2022. But Belo Horizonte and 13 other capitals are not ready for the new technology, as there is a need for new antennas and old legislation that does not allow the installation of infrastructure. Currently, councilors from Minas are trying to pass Bill 328/2022, which deals with the suitability of the capital of Minas Gerais to the legislation required to implement 5G technology in the city. Another solution is PL 8518/2017, which was approved on the 10th in the House of Representatives and is now in the Federal Senate.

PL 8518 was authored by Federal Representative Vitor Lippi (PSDB-SP) and still needs to pass through the Senate. The text governs the temporary licensing of antennas, as well as installation by carriers, in the event that city halls do not respond to requests after 60 days. In Brazil, due to legacy legislation that only provides for older and much larger 5G antennas, requests for new infrastructures can take up to 24 months to be approved.

PL 328, by Belo Horizonte City Council, is the fourth attempt by councilors to adapt local legislation to the Public Antenna Act and facilitate 5G access. The first bill was introduced in 2019. This time, the text will be considered jointly by the Committees for the Environment, Animal Defense and Urban Policies; Public Administration; And budget and public finance, which should speed up the process. After the stage in the committees is over, the vote comes in the plenary session.

Senator Carlos Viana (PL-MG) says Belo Horizonte is the only capital in the southeast region that does not have updated legislation to receive 5G antennas. But he believes the problem must be resolved, either by chancellors or senators, who will soon appreciate PL 8518.

“I am very confident that the city council of Belo Horizonte will bring the law and naturally allow the advancement of 5G technology throughout Belo Horizonte. It is unacceptable for our capital to be a state like Minas Gerais without the possibility of having antennas. But if this does not happen, the population will not be without Service. I am very confident that the Senate will quickly analyze and approve Project 8518 that came out of the room and that will facilitate the installation of 5G antennas across the country,” the senator emphasized.

The Federal District and 11 capitals are already ready to receive 5G. The data is from Movimento Antene-se, created in 2021 by entities from different sectors to encourage the modernization of antenna laws in large Brazilian cities. These cities are eligible as they have passed new legislation in line with the General Law on Antennas and Decree 10480/2020, which regulates the aforementioned law; Or because local laws are more recent and appropriate for the arrival of new technology.

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According to Luciano Stutz, president of the Brazilian Association of Telecommunications Infrastructure (Abrintel) and spokesperson for the Antene-se movement, city councils in capitals that have not yet adapted need to speed up this new legislation. In addition, they must establish a central process, based on objective criteria, in order to facilitate the acquisition of licenses in periods of less than 60 days, without incurring additional costs.

Luciano Stutz warns that capitals that were not able to update the legislation before July 31 will receive even the fifth generation of mobile Internet, but in a way that it will not reach the entire population, since it will be implemented through the old ones. Antennas are already installed, very far from each other. 5G waves are much more powerful than 4G, and generate hundreds of times faster internet. But because it is shorter, it needs a large number of small antennas.

“What I can say is that these restrictions will not prevent these cities from actually installing 5G by July 31, but it will not be the 5G of dreams, and it will not be the best 5G possible, 5G will be possible to do within a 4G structure,” the Abrintel president asserts.

The proposal is in progress in the legislature of Belo Horizonte that, in addition to adapting the legislation, also aims to reduce the communication inequality that exists in the capital of Minas Gerais. According to Abrintel data, in the south-central district of the capital there is one cellular antenna per 600 inhabitants, while in the northern district there is one antenna per 5,000 people.

In addition to Belo Horizonte, 13 other capitals are racing against time to update antenna legislation: Maceió (AL), Macapá (AP), Manaus (AM), Salvador (BA), Goiânia (GO), Cuiabá (MT), and Rio Branco (AC ), Belém (PA), João Pessoa (PB), Recife (PE), Porto Velho (RO), Aracajú (SE) and Palmas (TO).

According to the timetable of the National Telecommunications Agency (Anatel), which was established as a commitment to companies that won the RF auction in 2021, 5G must be operational in capitals and the Federal District by July 31, 2022; in cities with a population of more than 500 thousand, as of July 31, 2025; in municipalities with a population of more than 200 thousand, as of July 31, 2026; And in cities with a population of more than 100,000, until July 31, 2027. Other cities should receive the new technology until 2029.

However, the timeline does not prevent the technology from reaching residents of municipalities that are not capital cities sooner. Santo Andrés and Guarulhos, in São Paulo, as well as Campo dos Goytacazes and Volta Redonda, in Rio de Janeiro, for example, have already passed laws and are ready for 5G mobile internet. According to the 5G notice, operators will be able to prioritize the installation of the technology in cities that have already updated their municipal legislation.

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