Born in Belgium, it is not known for certain which breeds gave rise to the bloodhound. What is known is that during the seventh century these dogs were bred by a hunter named Humberto. For this reason, later on, the dog would also be known as Cão de Santo Humberto, a saint considered the patron saint of fishermen.
The monks of the Santo Humberto Monastery worked to improve the breed. The name “Bloodhound” only came about when Frenchman William I the Conqueror brought the breed to England and established it there.
The most striking feature of the breed is their sense of smell, known as one of the most subtle among dogs. Bloodhounds can chase after a trail of scent even after 12 days, which has made them a great ally for the police in hunting down criminals and tracing missing persons – the first official record of this activity dates back to 1805, but there are stories as far back as the 16th century.
In hunting, these dogs were able to smell the scent of distant infected animals. About the name “sniffer dog”, there are theories that point to the fact that a dog can recognize traces of blood at great distances; The other is that for the purity of the race, because the translation of the name is “pure blood.”
During the French Revolution, with the castle destroyed and the aristocrats fleeing, the Bloodhound nearly disappeared. It was the English appreciation of the breed that ensured its preservation, and later export to other countries.
In the United States, the breed was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885. In 1888, three English hounds competed at the Westminster Kennel Club Show. This made the breed’s popularity grow again.
Curiosity about the breed
Queen Elizabeth I was fond of hunting and raising groups of bloodhounds.
Queen Victoria, who was a huge fan of animals, took on some of the breeds to take part in a dog show in 1869.
In the cinema, Bloodhounds are best known for participating in such films as “The Indomitable Rebellion” since 1967, and the popular The Buscapé Family since 1993.
The Bloodhound is said to be descended from other breeds with a keen sense of smell, such as the Basset Hound and Beagle.
Saint Humberto used to give dogs of the breed to the King of France annually, so the breed is known to this day as “St. Humberto’s Dog”.
These dogs reach maturity at just two years of age, and are also known as “eternal puppies” for their curious, clumsy and docile behaviour.
A breed known for being docile, calm and gentle, which makes them ideal for families with children and with other pets, even cats. The hunter’s strong instinct makes him stubborn in pursuit of his own goals, especially when catching a scent he finds interesting.
Although they are stubborn, they rarely show any kind of aggression at times. They are very attached to teachers and love to be in the company of people. They should not be left on their own for long and especially when they are puppies, they are full of energy and can engage in destructive behaviour. It is important to keep toys available so that they do not decide to spend this energy on furniture in the house.
Since it is a large animal, small places such as apartments are not a suitable environment to create this pet who needs space to move and play freely. It is also important for him to walk daily in order to use up his accumulated energy.
It is generally a silent and reserved animal. It’s not exactly a guard dog. They love interacting with people and pets. Despite being ranked 74th in the Stanley Koren Ranking, in the book “Canine Intelligence,” the Bloodhound is highly intelligent and easy to train; Loyalty and dedication to the teacher (along with a few snacks and lots of affection) makes it easy to learn new tricks!
The Bloodhound has a short coat that is easy to brush. It should be combed at least once a week to facilitate the removal of dead hair using a special brush or gloves with rubber bristles. They cause hair to fall out more noticeably at some times of the year, when brushing becomes a necessity. Brushing should always be done gently to prevent injury to the dog’s skin.
Baths for this dog are also essential, not because he is a dirty pet, but as a hunter he develops a very distinctive “dog smell” that can bother some people.
Ears need special care while showering. Because they are so long, the ears pull on the ground when they sniff. The ideal thing is to clean the ears at least once a week and always keep them dry.
pet health care
The Bloodhound is a healthy animal, but can suffer from some of the common ailments for large dogs, such as gastric torsion and bloating – a problem with gas buildup. The dog should follow a regular diet and not engage in any physical activity after meals.
Skin wrinkles should be checked frequently to make sure there are no irritations. It is also important to clean it with a cloth dampened in lukewarm water, always keeping it dry to avoid the breeding of fungi and bacteria.
Unfortunately, the Bloodhound is among the dog breeds with the shortest lifespan. Therefore, it is important for a teacher to take the pet to the vet frequently so that they can enjoy the best possible quality of life.
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