Who is Elizabeth Bourne, the ‘Student of the Nation’ who became France’s Prime Minister – Observer

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This is not the first time that Elizabeth Bourne has gone down in history as one of the first women to hold important political positions in France. In February 2013, with François Hollande in the presidency and Jean-Marc Ayrault as Prime Minister, Elizabeth Bourne becomes the first female mayor of Poitou-Charentes (but it was put down in a regional reform in 2014) and in Vienna.

Nine years later, Elizabeth Bourne repeated this feat: she became the second woman to lead the French government and the first since Edith Cresson left office in April 1992, after 11 months as prime minister. In her first address to the country after taking office, Elizabeth Bourne dedicated the achievement to “All Girls”: “Nothing can stop the struggle for the status of women in our society”.

And so the socialist leaps from leading the Ministry of Labor, which managed its portfolio during the COVID-19 pandemic, to leading one of the world’s most powerful governments in another crisis: the war in Ukraine. Elizabeth Bourne has roots on one side of the septum: His father, Joseph, is Jewish and of Russian descent, but took refuge in France in 1939 during World War II. He was deported in 1942, but became French in 1950.

Then Joseph Bourne married the mother of the new French Prime Minister, Marguerite, a pharmacist from the French department of Calvados, in Normandy. The couple ran a pharmaceutical company and were Elizabeth Bourne on April 18, 1961 in Paris, in the 15th arrondissement (department), on the banks of the Seine. For Jan Costex, who resigned on Monday, Elizabeth Bourne shrugged off one of the criticisms leveled against her most: her Southern accent, joking the former governor in his welcome letter to her successor.

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The new prime minister’s career began in 1987, in the Ministry of Equipment, after spending The first years of the decade to study engineering At the École Polytechnique, at the École Nationale d’Auto bridges and the Faculty of Engineering in Paris. In 1989, Elizabeth Born married physicist Olivier Alex, the year she joined the regional director of equipment in Ile-de-France (the country’s capital region). The couple later divorced, but a son was born in 1991: Nathan Alex.

But Elizabeth Bourne’s extensive biography contrasts with the private (and more secret) life of France’s new prime minister. It is known that the death of her father, when she was 11 years old, affected her deeply: “It was not always easy. I lost my father at a very young age. We ended up with my mother, who had two daughters and didn’t have a very good salary.I remembered on one of the most famous programs on French radio, Touche Pas à Mon Poste. Elizabeth Bourne was still able to continue studying thanks to a public scholarship.

His family was under social protection and the prime minister was Pupilla da Nassau. A program in which the French government assists the minor children of people who have been injured or killed during a war fought on behalf of France, in a terrorist attack, or while providing certain public services. She admitted that it was a “real relief”: she found teaching “reassuring” and “rational” at the Polytechnic. “It allowed me to follow a school that opened so many doors for me,” Elizabeth Bourne admitted.

Recently, she was hospitalized due to Covid-19. After the first symptoms of the coronavirus infection appeared on March 14, 2021, Elizabeth Bourne went to the hospital after three days – during which she had been working – to stop coming out: She needed artificial oxygenation, was unable to eat and drink and says she did not come out of “pain” unscathed. because of the virus. On March 30, 2021, Elizabeth Bourne said, “I think I will need time to recover my physical condition first.” A year later, he took one of the most important positions in French politics.

Elizabeth Bourne is the new Prime Minister of France, and the second woman to hold this position

In the 1990s, Elizabeth Bourne worked for the public and private company Sonacotra (now known as Adoma), which was populated by immigrant workers. At the beginning of the millennium,Hello, Director of Strategy at the French National Railwaysdirector of concessions at the construction company Eiffage and general director of urban planning at the Paris Chamber, when Bertrand Delanoe was mayor.

Having led an autonomous regime, she entered the Environment Ministry as director of the Cabinet of Segolene Royal – the first woman to reach the second round of the French election, in which she was defeated by Nicolas Sarkozy – between 2014 and 2015. Leaves to lead the Autonomous Transport Authority in Paris. Two years later, he finally assumed the presidency of government portfolios.

The The first position is that of Minister of Transport headed by Edouard Philippe. Then he took over the Ministry of Environmental and Global Transformation, but, unlike Nicolas Hulot and François de Rugy, his predecessors, he did not add to the leadership of this portfolio the position of Minister of State: he maintains, instead, the portfolio of transport .

At this point L’Opinion describes her as “widely recognized, both within and outside its ranks, as A minister who controls her files and knows how to access them”, but also because of the “lack of political weight”. After Jan Castex’s government was formed, Elizabeth Bourne was appointed Minister for Labour, Employment and Integration. That was in July 2020. Less than two years later, the leadership of the government headed by Emmanuel Macron arrived.

Elizabeth Borne, Prime Minister of New France, speaking for the first time: “Nothing can stop the struggle for women’s place in society”

In her first address to the nation in her new role, the Prime Minister addressed the man she will now replace, Jan Castex: “Thank you for your unwavering commitment to serving our country. Thank you for your words and thank you for the many battles we fought together“.

“Many French women and men, like me, feel a pain in their hearts now that they have left their posts. Said the new prime minister. Elizabeth Bourne recalled it He has ‘many differences’ from Jan Castex, but also ‘a lot in common’: “We believe that public policies should be built through dialogue,” especially those related to the environment. “This is the full meaning of the new way the President of the Republic wants.”

Subsequently, Elizabeth Bourne left an “idea” for the first female Prime Minister – Edith Cresson, who ruled between May 1991 and April 1992.I would like to dedicate this nomination to all the girls. Run after your dreams“.

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