Parana is the second largest milk producer in Brazil, with more than 4 billion liters, after only the state of Minas Gerais. The data are from the latest survey of municipal livestock production, conducted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), which was released in 2021. The place in the ranking is due to the fact that the state has some of the most expressive regions in Brazil. production, such as the Campos Gerais case. This is one of the brands being celebrated at ExpoFrísia, which kicked off this week.
A survey conducted by the Ministry of Rural Economy (DIRAL), under the Secretary of State for Agriculture and Supply (Seab), indicates that the total Gross Value of Production (GVP) for the entire Campos Gerais region, in 2020 alone, is R$9.8 billion, driven mainly by Castro ( 432 million R$) and Carambi (271 million R$), the most productive municipalities in the region, the Friesia and Castrolanda cooperatives.
These cities also come in first and second, respectively, in terms of national milk production, with 363.9 million (nearly 1 million per day) and 224.7 million liters. In southwest Paraná, another area where the state’s milk producers congregate, the year’s GDP was R$2.8 billion, with a focus on Francisco Beltrao (R$9.2 million), with a lot of potential to be explored.
“When we talk about Campos Gerais, we are talking about a very closely related region, which has a high level of technology, genetics, animal comfort, management techniques and sanitary standards. If we can expand this level of production to other regions, we can also open the Parana dairy market to countries Others”, this was explained by the Minister of State for Agriculture and Supply, Norberto Ortegara.
To reach the first place in the national ranking, as explained by Derrall’s veterinarian, Thiago de Marche da Silva, it is necessary to take a series of measures, but the first of them is to try to replicate the successful technology of Campos Gerais in other regions of the state. ..
“For Parana to overtake Minas Gerais, all areas of the state must be reversed in Campos Gerais, the area with average productivity compared to the United States. Castro and Karambi produce 7,000 liters per animal per year, while the United States, for example, produces almost 10,000 liters, so They are completely comparable.”
According to him, geographical area is one of the factors that can increase production, but this alone is not enough. The specialist defends the need for companies to focus on investments in technology, because part of the state’s dairy production is still unprofessional.
For Bovine Business Director in Frisia, Jefferson Tramontini, the concern for technology, one of ExpoFrísia’s buildings, involves an interest in feed production and animal care, the use of additives or compounds in feeding, ventilation, temperature, and humidity, among others. “In 100% controlled environments, animals better express their productivity. This makes us more competitive, with the technological level of a first world property.
According to him, in times of increases in production costs, it is also necessary to encourage the population to have greater purchasing power, so that the entire production chain is strengthened. “By increasing the purchasing power of the population and encouraging industries, we can in 5 or 6 years achieve the largest production in Brazil. But things must go together, there is no point in having high production and the population’s inability to buy,” he noted.
One of the factors that made Campos Gerais the region with the highest milk production in the state is the origin of the producers and the pleasant climate of the type of farming. “The producers came from Holland, and they had this culture of milk production guided by the growth of estates working with cooperatives. The icing on the cake is the right climate, milder and good temperatures,” he said.
Considered the “Mother City of Paraná,” Castro received its first immigrants in the 1930s, the Germans. Two decades later, The Dutch came, who brought in their bag knowledge about the most advanced production technologies. “Since the founding of the city, there has been milk production,” Marchi added. “There are many traditional stories, Holland and Germany brought cows to continue production here. The longer they go, the more experience they have in production.”
Over the years, the work is no longer manual and the first characteristics have been updated. “There have been oriented milking machines for a long time, and the characteristics are characterized by the latest technology, cleaning before milking, drying, among others,” he added.
The state also plays an important role in this development, with support from entities such as the Parana Agricultural Defense Agency (Adapar), state programs, and tax incentives for milk processing, among others.
This assistance is a facilitating factor for producers and cooperatives. Adapar has all aspects of health, and is a very important disease-fighting service. This health status achieved by Paraná (FMD free zone without vaccination) with the developments of Adapar, which inspects the production chain, this work is unique and not all countries have proactive inspectors, working side by side with the producers”, commented Marchi.
In addition to the effective monitoring of Adapar, the state indirectly contributes to dairy production through a series of programs, such as Solidarity Tractor, which allows for more expensive financing of tractors, sprayers and combines for small producers.
“It is not directly related to milk, but it can reduce costs, making it easier for the producer and reflecting on the productivity of the animals,” he explained. The program is a partnership between Seab, IDR-Paraná, Fomento Paraná, financial agents and credit unions, as well as manufacturers of tools, equipment, tractors and agricultural machinery.
There is also infant formula, which was created with the aim of helping reduce nutritional deficiencies for children, by distributing pasteurized milk that is rich in vitamins A and D, zinc and iron. Families with a per capita income of half the regional minimum wage benefit, with a maximum of two liters of milk per day per family. “In this case, the state buys and distributes it to economically vulnerable children, so all of the programs end up having a knock-on effect on the producer’s income,” the vet said.
He also added that Parana can be grown outside Campos Gerais. “In the Southwest, many producers have already migrated from other cultures to produce milk. This can continue to happen, there is a lot of room for producers to move from farming to dairy farming, and the increase in real estate is also important, because in this way, they can produce more and get More money to invest in technology, which will thus increase productivity.”
ExpoFrísia started on Thursday (12) and runs through May 14, at the Frísia Exhibition Park, attached to the Carambeí Historic Park. Deputy Governor Darcy Bayana visited the venue. ExpoFrísia aims to present the power of milk production to the general public of Karambi and the region. There are the best animals and herds in Brazil, some of the best in the world, and there is also a proliferation of new technologies. Tramontini said that this exhibition reflects the country’s ability to produce milk.
Source: AEN Paraná