a dog bites the son of Felipe Simas; See what to do in these cases – 05/13/2022

Actor Felipe Sima, 29, said on social media that his youngest son, Vicente, who is only two years old, was bitten in the face by a dog. “These were superficial wounds, but they shed blood and tears, not only on the little boy but on the brothers as well,” he said on Instagram.

Simas did not give details of the care received by the youngest, but it is necessary to pay attention in cases of dog bites. The oral cavity of animals can house more than 300 species of microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, viruses and protozoa. Therefore, an accident of this kind can lead to the development of an inflammatory or infectious lesion.

Band aid

There are some preliminary measures that can be taken in cases of bites to reduce the risk of infection:

  • wash the wound with running water and soap or saline solution;
  • Stop the bleeding with a compressive bandage.
  • Seek medical attention regardless of the degree and severity of the injury.

Depending on where the injury is, it is possible that there will be some type of abrasion, puncture, tear, or crush. In deep wounds in the extremities of the body, such as the hands, arms and legs, there is a risk of infection of the nerves and tendons (tenosynovitis) and there is an infection of the joint (septic arthritis), and in more serious cases it can reach the bony part, with the inoculation of bacteria (osteomyelitis) .

After medical evaluation, treatment may require the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics, aiming to reach a large number of microorganisms, focusing on primary infection, and in some secondary cases, as well as anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs, as necessary.

Even mild, superficial, non-hemorrhagic injuries can cause infections and must be cleaned properly. People with pre-existing diseases (malnutrition, immunosuppression or diabetes) should pay extra attention because they may get some kind of contamination frequently.

anger

Data from the Secretariat of Health Surveillance, based on records from Sinan (Reportable Diseases Information System), which had as a reference rabies care between 2009 and 2013, reported more than 500,000 bites, as well as wild animals, such as bats and foxes, from Among other things.

However, more than 90% of cases of rabies in humans occur through the bite of unvaccinated dogs, via saliva. An infectious viral disease almost always affects humans in a fatal manner. Thus, dog vaccination is the most effective way to prevent rabies in humans.

In immunocompromised people, dog bites can also cause generalized infection and even septic shock, septicemia, or meningitis in children. Finally, although it is not common in dogs’ mouths, there could be an infection with the bacteria responsible for tetanus.

How do you act in front of a dog?

  • never encourage aggressive play, because they do not understand when to stop, and if he feels uncomfortable, express the discomfort through the bite;
  • If you want to handle an animal, always ask the dog’s owner if you can get close to them. Before you touch him, allow him to see you and smell your hand slowly;
  • When an unknown animal approaches you, stay still. Let him get to know your scent. Don’t make sudden movements, as this may make him feel like he is going to be attacked. Remember that just as we react to fear with sudden and sometimes aggressive actions, dogs use their mouths to defend themselves immediately – it’s instinctive;
  • If you are afraid of an unfamiliar dog, never run or make noises. Anything that generates a sense of danger to the dog can act as a trigger and favor the attack, as a defensive justification. This way, you do not interact with the dog while he is sleeping, eating or caring for him;
  • If you do not want to interact with the animal, do not make direct eye contact with the dog. Keep your body aside while the dog looks at you, because the dog interprets the human situation he is facing as aggressive, and may feel the need to respond.

In the event of an attack, mechanically protect yourself with whatever is at your fingertips. If it hits you on the ground, do not hold the animal. Sit on the floor and bend into a ball, bend your head between your legs, tuck your arms to protect your ears and neck, and hold tight.

Seek medical attention within 6 hours of the accident. Even in cases of small wounds, after this period you should go to the hospital if the wound becomes red, painful, swollen, hot, or if you develop a fever.

It is also recommended to seek medical attention if you do not know whether the animal has been properly vaccinated against rabies.

In cases of serious wounds, use a clean cloth to apply pressure, stop the bleeding, and seek help immediately. Remember that large amounts of lost blood can quickly make you weak, preventing you from driving or walking to the hospital.

Do not kill the animal. Keep it safe by getting food and food for 10 days until it is possible to identify clinical signs of rabies, eg.

* With information from a report published on 12/20/2019.

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