The past few years have demonstrated in practice the importance of vaccines to the health of the world’s population. The most recent example is the immune system’s action against COVID-19 to stop the pandemic and serious infections of the disease. The United Nations Children’s Fund (Unifec), in the last week of April, published an alert to the country about Fall in child immunization Against measles, mumps, rubella (D1 virus), and polio. According to data from DataSUS, information technology at the service of the Unified Health System, 3 out of 10 children have not received the necessary vaccinations to protect them from potentially fatal diseases.
According to the statement, In just three years, there has been a 21.61% reduction in D1 vaccination rates in Brazil. In 2019, 93.1% of the target group to receive vaccination received the dose, a percentage that decreased to 71.49% in 2022. The data is public and belongs to DataSUS, IT at the service of the Unified Health System.
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Number of doses (D1 Viral Triple) applied per country, per year:
- Year 2018 – 2,643,322 doses
- Year 2019 – 2,722,258 doses
- Year 2020 – 2,326,409 doses
- 2021 – 2,072,920 doses
- 2022 – 145,786 doses
In addition, vaccination coverage againstIrritable Bowel Syndrome It fell from 84.2% in 2019 to 67.7% in 2021.
Number of (polio) doses applied in the country, per year:
- 2018 – 2,555,836 doses
- 2019 – 2,461,162 doses
- Year 2020 – 2,223,861 doses
- Year 2021 – 1968,758 doses
- 2022 – 150,757 doses
In early childhood, children are immunized against at least 17 diseases, says UNICEF Brazil Health Officer Stephanie Amaral. “Low immunization rates put millions of children and adolescents at risk of developing serious and preventable diseases,” he explains.
The more children who do not get vaccinated, the easier it is for diseases to spread. In a note, UNICEF says that societies without fully immunizing their populations can promote disease outbreaks in different regions of the world and the resurgence of eradicated diseases in many countries.
“In Brazil, the routine vaccination of children under the age of five has decreased since 2015. The epidemic has certainly exacerbated the problem. To reverse this scenario, it is necessary to strengthen immunization programs and health systems, and to encourage families to vaccinate their children,” Stephanie adds in a UNICEF material.
As countries recover from the pandemic, immediate action is needed to prevent coverage rates from falling further, because resurgent disease outbreaks pose a serious risk to society as a whole, Jean Goff, UNICEF Regional Director for Latin America and the Caribbean, said in a fund publication.
“This is an opportunity to restructure primary health care and promote an integrated and community-based approach that provides vaccines to the most vulnerable populations. We cannot lose the efforts of the past few decades and let critical diseases threaten the lives of children.”
When it comes to case data regarding vaccination coverage for children, with the D1 viral vaccine, the rates are positive. In 2018 and 2019, vaccination coverage exceeded the expectations of the Ministry of Health by 111.46% and 103.02%, respectively.
In the following years, a decrease of 38.97 percentage points can be observed. In 2020 there was 90.30% immunization coverage and in 2021 it was 72.49%. As of May 5, 2022, Ciara has vaccinated 10.75% of children with the first dose of the immune system, according to DataSUS data.
Number of doses (D1 Viral Triple) applied in Ceará, yearly:
- 2018 – 140,540 doses
- Year 2019 – 131,655 doses
- Year 2020 – 115,405 doses
- 2021 – 93,643 doses
- 2022 – 5,347 doses
Regarding polio and state data, vaccination coverage of children in 2018 and 2019, represents levels of excellence, at 111.08% and 93.54%, respectively. As in the above example, the vaccination rate begins to decrease. In the following years, we can see a decrease of 39.58 percentage points. In 2020, it was 86.85% of vaccination coverage, and in 2021 it was 71.50%. As of May 5, 2022, Ciara has vaccinated 11.62% of the target audience with the first dose of the immune system.
Number of doses (polio) applied in Ceará, per year:
- Year 2018 – 140,051 doses
- Year 2019 – 119,542 doses
- Year 2020 – 110,987 doses
- Year 2021 – 92,362 doses
- 2022 – 5,805 doses
According to physician and immunologist Cicero Inacio, in the past two years, with the epidemic and social isolation, the population has become more isolated and avoided seeking health services. In addition to the focus given only to Covid-19 by governments. We will definitely have some other disease waves that can be prevented and avoided with vaccines and/or preventative measures such as eliminating mosquito infestations.”
* Brazilian data are from the National Immunization Program (PNI) of the Ministry of Health, collected until May 5, 2022.
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