In a letter sent to the President of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE), Edson Fachin, the Minister of Defense, Paulo Sergio Nogueira, requested that he himself start receiving CTE (Commission for Election Transparency) requests to the armed forces. forces. Until then, General Heber Garcia Portela had received the orders.
After the letter was revealed, the Defense Ministry said Nogueira had not “named himself” and that Portela’s name was still on the panel. He represents the military in the group established by the Supreme Electoral Tribunal to ensure the integrity of the electoral process.
But attention is drawn to the position of Nogueira, who has shown increasing agreement with President Jair Bolsonaro’s rhetoric questioning the electoral process.
He requested a meeting with Fashin, wanted to focus the armed forces’ participation in the CTE and sent “proposals to improve security and transparency in the electoral process.”
Bolsonaro said last week that the court should “thank” the Defense Ministry for the proposals and “take action.” However, TSE reported that 3 of the 7 proposals made by the military are wrong in concepts and calculations and that the rest are already in practice, that is, there is nothing to change.
who are they?
Portela took the helm of cyber defense and joined the TSE’s Transparency Committee, on the recommendation of then-defense minister, retired military officer Walter Braga Neto — formerly a major general in the Army and now a special advisor to President Jair quoted Bolsonaro as his deputy in his re-election bid.
A body called ComDCiber, was created in 2017 for the Armed Forces to serve in the Department of Defense, the architecture of the Military Electronic Defense System.
In the past, Portela was an instructor at the Agulhas Negras Military Academy and the Chilean Army War Academy. He was at the head of the Northeastern Military Command, based in Recife (PE), and actually served as the commander of the 28th Light Infantry Battalion in Campinas, within São Paulo.
Besides him in the Election Transparency Commission are representatives of Congress, the Federal Court of Audit, the Brazilian Bar Association (OAB), the Federal Police and the Electoral Public Prosecution, as well as six IT professionals and representatives of civil society. There are 12 members in total.
And now, Minister Paolo Sergio Nogueira, who is also a general, wants to accompany the group. He held the position of army chief between April 2021 and March 2022, before taking over the defense portfolio in Bolsonaro’s government.
Barroso’s idea was to bring the military closer to the process, thus winning their support in defending the electronic voting system and against Bolsonarista’s attack regarding election security in the country.
Did not help. On the fifth day, Nogueira asked Fachin to reveal the armed forces’ questions and suggestions about the electoral system. However, some information was classified as classified by the military itself.
The Supreme Electoral Tribunal handed a document containing answers to General Portela. In addition to the 69-page file, another 635 pages of attachments were released with detailed answers to each of the 48 questions asked.
Nogueira’s letters were sent even after authorities confirmed that the country’s electoral process was safe and fully auditable. There are also no indications that the popular advice was fraudulent.
The armed forces traditionally participate in the electoral process, particularly in the so-called GVA (Vote and Count Guarantee).
At the end of April, Barroso did not hide his annoyance and said that there was an intention to use the armed forces to attack the electoral process in the country and try to discredit it.
The Ministry of Defense immediately responded, saying that the allegations are irresponsible and offensive, and that the role of the armed forces is to serve the homeland and the people.
“Elections are a matter of national sovereignty and security and, therefore, are in the interest of all. The armed forces, as institutions of the Brazilian state, have a history of centuries of devotion to the homeland and the Brazilian people, both in the defense of the country and in contributing to the national development and well-being of Brazilians,” wrote the Ministry of Defense.
We explain here what the role of the armed forces is.