NASA has discovered how the sun can provide the Earth with unlimited energy

NASA scientists have solved a 60-year-old mystery about the sun’s eruptions. As such, the space agency has announced that there is a type of solar flare that lasts for minutes and produces enough energy to power the Earth for 20,000 years at a fast, predictable rate.

Scientists have tried to understand the process, called rapid magnetic reconnection, for more than half a century, and NASA researchers may have just discovered it.

Fast magnetic reconnection can bring unlimited energy to Earth

The sun can be an inexhaustible source of energy. And the Earth is lucky to have a star like the sun. In fact, a new investigation has been made into this cosmic reality that drives the search for unlimited energy.

The discovery could provide new insights into processes that could have practical applications on Earth, such as nuclear fusion, which aims to harness the same kind of energy as the sun and stars. It could also allow for more accurate predictions of geothermal storms, which can affect electronic equipment such as satellites.

Ultimately, if we can understand how the magnetic link works, we can better predict events that can affect us on Earth, such as geomagnetic storms and solar flares.

And if we can understand how the association starts, it will also help energy research because researchers can better control the magnetic fields in the fusion devices.

explained Barbara Giles, a project scientist at MMS and a researcher at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center.

NASA scientists from its Magnetic Multiscale (MMS) mission have developed a theory that explains the processes that occur during rapid magnetic reconnection, the name given to the fastest type of magnetic bond. They published their findings in an article in the journal Nature Communications.

Magnetic reconnection occurs in plasma, which forms when a gas is activated enough to break its atoms, leaving behind negatively charged electrons and positively charged ions. During this process, the plasma rapidly converts magnetic energy into heat and accelerates.

The rapid magnetic reconnection, in particular, has intrigued scientists because of the predictable nature in which it occurs.

We've known for some time that fast reconnection occurs at a rate that seems to be pretty consistent. But what really drives this pace has been a mystery until now.

Giles said.

The Hall Effect: An Investigation of Solar System Processes

The new research indicates that rapid reconnection only occurs in non-collision plasmas - a type of plasma whose particles are spread out to the point that they do not collide with each other. In space, where rapid magnetic reconnection occurs, most of the plasma is in this no-collision state.

As NASA explained, the new theory also suggests that rapid reconnection is accelerated by the Hall effect, which describes the interaction between magnetic fields and electric currents. During rapid magnetic reconnection, ions and electrons move apart, and the Hall effect begins to create an unstable energy vacuum that causes reconnection.

Pressure from the surrounding magnetic fields causes the energy vacuum to explode, violently releasing massive amounts of energy at a predictable rate.

This visualization shows the Hall effect, which occurs when the movement of heavy ions (blue) separates from lighter electrons (red) when they enter the region with strong electric currents (golden region). Credits: Tom Bridgeman/NASA Science Visualization Studio

Plasma is very sensitive to magnetic fields, which is why nuclear fusion reactors, called tokamaks, use powerful magnets to hold the plasma during a fusion reaction.

The next step for NASA's MMS scientists is to test their theory with the help of four spacecraft orbiting the Earth in a pyramid shape, allowing them to investigate the reconnection process in collision-free plasma with a higher resolution than would otherwise be possible. ground.

The findings could help unleash the potential of nuclear fusion, which is promising Providing unlimited sustainable energy here on Earth.

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