When can I have problems saving too much on a motherboard?
One of the main uncertainties that come up here is the combination of processors and motherboards. In addition to the obvious difficulty in choosing the right product, in which many models, segments, sockets and generations of products coexist, the question remains about which models are suitable. After this barrier of clearly knowing which model is compatible, comes the second question: what if it works, but it’s not enough to get the most out of the CPU?
That’s because an entry-level motherboard can be compatible with high-end processors and even run successfully, and the direct mixing we’ve done in the past has punished the Ryzen 9 3950X harshly. But apart from the obvious combination that won’t work, there is room for a gray area. We’ve already paired the Core i5-12400F, a mid-range model, with the 12th-generation Intel Core H610M chipset, and had no issues.
Let’s get out of this little sample and kick the bucket the way Adrena usually does. In this article, we will make a wide range of processors and motherboards, and test AMD and Intel platforms.
– Gigabyte A520M DS3H – Product Link
– B550M Aorus Elite – Product Link
– X570 Aorus Master – Product Link
– AMD Ryzen 5 3600XT
– AMD Ryzen 9 5900X – Product Review
– Gigabyte H610M H DDR4 – Product Link
– B660M Aorus Pro DDR4 – Product Link
– Z690 Aorus Elite AX DDR4 – Product Link
– Intel Core i5-12400F – Product Review
– Intel Core i9-12900K – Product Review
Standards – Intel
Standards – AMD
But performance is only part of the story. We know that there is a significant load on the voltage regulator circuit, the VRM (Voltage Regulatory Module), proportional to the level of demand on the motherboard. We caught the peak temperature in these structures, long after rendering in Blender. Each motherboard may have differences in temperature sensors, but in general heat increases are recorded in coils or MOSFETs. Here are the measured temperatures:
We have some big numbers on entry chips facing mid-range processors, but no catastrophic case considering we have a very high CPU load scenario for extended periods. But this equally triggers a wake-up call: input chips can be overburdened with their VRMs by Ryzen 5 and Core i5 processors.
But now it’s the high-end processors’ turn, and you probably know where this goes:
The load becomes ridiculous, as VRM structures operate close to their physical limits, with potential and even potential consequences in the medium and long term of use. While it didn’t affect the performance of the Ryzen 9 5900X in our synthetic tests, it was impressive to see the A520 heat up, and even the B550 was at high temperatures. Remember that components such as coils, MOSFETS, etc. tend to lose efficiency when heated.
In general, motherboard manufacturers take the lead when making this decision. They tell you which processors are compatible with a particular motherboard model, and give information about which combination works, but not which processors they recommend.
There is a certain consensus on pointers, which usually involve combining an input processor to be paired with an input chipset (A520 on AMD, H610 on Intel), mid-range CPUs with mid-range chipsets (B550 on AMD, B660 on Intel) and finally, The most demanding models should be used on the best cards (X570 on AMD, Z690 on Intel).
Our tests suggest something close to that, but with some margin in between. A good mid-range motherboard should handle a high-end CPU, just as an entry card can handle a mid-range CPU, as we’ve already tested.
Here comes another relevant factor: the type of usage that will be used. The processor for games and light activities tends to reduce component fatigue. CPU-heavy gameplay – large map games with many players, high-price competitive games – or heavy rendering use for long periods will maintain voltage mods structures at high load, and can lead to short-term effects such as performance loss, In the long term compromise of ingredients.