The technology sector should create 797,000 new jobs in Brazil by 2025, according to Brasscom (Association of Information and Communication Technologies and Digital Technology Companies). The entity estimates, however, that there will be a shortage of professionals to fill 532,000 of these vacancies.
The numbers reinforce a bottleneck for the shortage of IT professionals in the country, which has been exacerbated by the digital acceleration that has been boosted during the pandemic. With high demand, educational institutions have bet on new courses and educational proposals aimed at attracting students to the region.
As of August, the state nearly doubled the number of professionals it was expected to hire by the end of 2021. The rising number of hiring during the health crisis has led the organization to update forecasts to 2025.
About 53,000 students graduated from higher education in courses in the region in 2019, according to the latest data from Inep. If the number remains stable in the coming years, Brascom estimates that the supply of professionals should remain below what is necessary.
In 2025, for example, the roughly 50,000 regional graduates annually in the country will be less than a quarter of what is needed to fill the projected 206,940,000 vacancies for that year.
To try to meet the demand in the region, traditional institutions have invested in new courses targeting this sector.
In Insper (Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa), which is standardized by offering courses in management and business, the Computer Engineering course has been offered since 2015.
The college is now launching a Computer Science course, focusing more on meeting the specific demand of developers in the country, through an innovative educational proposal.
The new degree aims to solve real problems of people and companies. In the first half of the year, 80% of the workload was devoted to creating, as a team, a program that helps clients solve everyday problems.
Throughout the course, students will simulate the work process of professional developers, with short project courses during which they learn to write code, apply problem-solving methodologies, and lead teams. At the end of the college, students will implement innovative projects in partnership with large companies in the sector, focusing on areas such as artificial intelligence and machine learning.
In addition to area-specific courses, the college also seeks to encourage the development of technological skills in students from other professions.
“Every college student at Insper now has to learn programming, even those studying in courses like law,” says Marcus Lisboa, President of Insper.
Recognized for Communication and Marketing courses, ESPM (Escola Superior de Propaganda e Marketing), opened a technology-focused campus in 2018 and began offering the Information Systems course.
The course contains the highest score in MEC and Enade and, in addition to technical training, offers lessons in networking, social and emotional skills, and learning tools.
In January, the foundation will offer in-person and online vacation courses focused on technology, such as Big Data for International Relations Analysis, Introduction to Instagram’s Augmented Reality Filters and Digital Access Management.
Known for training the industry’s workforce, Senai now offers courses such as systems analysis and development, and cybersecurity. To ensure that the training provided does not quickly become obsolete, as is common in the region, they have partnered with technology giants such as Google, Microsoft, Oracle, Cisco and Huawei.
The Sinai College of Technology in São Paulo launched in September a new, higher course in Systems Analysis and Development, available from 2022.
The course aims to train diverse developers who combine information technology and industrial automation and can work in 4.0 jobs in industry. According to the college, it is the only one in the country to offer this combination.
The Federal Institutes, which focus on vocational training, has also included in its institutional development plan for the 2019-2023 five-year period, the creation of bachelor’s degrees in information systems at all 38 universities across the country.
In March, the Votoporanga (SP) campus began offering its own, four-year courses and courses that innovate by enabling students to take in the region. Teaching is mixed, 85% of the workload is personal and the rest is remote.
But technology courses continue to suffer from low demand, low enrollment and high dropout rates, according to a Brascom document released Wednesday (1). There are about 2.4 candidates for each vacancy offered in the ICT courses. Among the candidates, only 24.85% were accepted.
The association also warns that about 39% of district students in the private network drop out of the course. The same thing happens with 26.6% of those registered in the public network. For Brascom, the comparison of rates shows that there is a bias towards economic inertia responsible for dropout and low professionalism in the area.
Therefore, he argues, the increase in the supply of professionals in the region requires improvements in the curricula of related courses, which can create future professionals in technology, such as mathematics, engineering and science.
The need to train professionals for a world where skills like programming are in demand in different fields now joins the imperative of ensuring that professionals from other areas can move into technology jobs in the future.
Rehabilitation is the catchphrase among professionals in this market, who see coordination as a way to supply traditional colleges with a tight supply of technology professionals.
“We have to prepare young people, but our biggest challenge is to retrain adults over the age of 30 so that they can work in technology,” says Gustavo Leal, COO of Senai.
The engineer notes that the shortage of professionals in the region is not limited to Brazil, but is a global phenomenon that is spreading at the speed with which new technologies are being adopted. “It is a worldwide demand. Countries will be successful in the knowledge economy insofar as they are able to respond to the challenges of training and retraining.”
Economist Eduardo Dias, 30, was drawn to the region due to the greater supply of job vacancies and an average salary that is more than double the national average (1,971 R$), in 2020 to the technology field.
He enrolled in the Technology Course in Systems Analysis and Development at IFSP (Federal Institute for Education, Science and Technology of São Paulo), and in the first year of the course, he started receiving paid training in application development from a large company in the region.
“Previously, it was common for me to send in many resumes per day and I don’t have a lot of revenue. Now, companies and recruiters contact me and they come to me,” he says.
Eduardo chose the second degree and the more traditional route to migrate to technology, but there are others – even shorter ones.
Initiatives to train students and workers from other fields to work in the sector include training programs offered by companies, such as the Apple Academy, and online courses from platforms such as Alura.
Social movements such as MTST (Movimento dos Trabalhadores Sem Teto) have also established technology centers that provide training courses in the area in the peripheral regions.
Revelo, a technology recruitment platform created in 2014, has created a short-term training program for professionals in partnership with 42 technology education startups.
The company funds the training of a new professional for each person hired by the platform, which provides job postings at companies such as Natura and Ambev. “We understand that hiring is important in the short term, but training is essential,” says Lucas Mendes, one of the company’s founders.
According to Revelo, the demand for professionals in the region on the platform grew 670% in 2020, compared to 2019. And between January and October 2021, the increase was 480%, compared to the same period in the first year of the pandemic.
The most in-demand professionals are those who develop websites (called web developers) and full stack developers, who can contribute at all stages of a new application project.
Companies are looking for professionals with technical ability and some experience. And in the region, remote work has had a high degree of professionalism and is here to stay. “We warn companies that if they insist on bringing them back to the office, they will lose a difference,” Lucas says.
Where do you find new courses?
Degree in Computer Science, with a focus on projects and problem solving
- Where: Inspir (R. Quatá, 300, Vila Olímpia, São Paulo)
- Duration: 8 semesters
- Monthly fee: 5240.00 BRL
Bachelor’s degree in Information Systems
- Where: ESPM (R. Joaquim Távora, 1240 – Vila Mariana – São Paulo)
- Duration: 8 semesters
- Monthly fee: R$4121.00
Postgraduate course in systems analysis and development, with integration between the areas of information technology and automation
- Where: Senai-SP College of Technology Armando de Arruda Pereira (R. Santo André, 680, Boa Vista, São Caetano do Sul)
- Duration: 4 semesters
- Monthly fee: R$881.68
Bachelor’s degree in Information Systems
- Where: Federal Institutes (several locations)
- Duration: 8 semesters
- Monthly Fee: Free (ticket via SISU)
Occupations with the most vacancies in the field of technology
- Full stack developer (care about both interface and application code)
- Web site developer
- Backend developer (create and manage the area that stores application or program data)
- Front end developer (focus on design and user experience)
- computer technician
- systems analyst
- Support Analyst
- Test Analyst
- Infrastructure Analyst
- Project manager
- Business Intelligence Analyst
- IT manager
Source: National Job Bank, Insper and Revelo