5G arrival indicates difficulties in workforce training – 04/30/2022 – News

Claudio Oliveira

With the doors open to 5G connectivity, the telecom sector must create thousands of jobs as new products and production models emerge. But it will be necessary to invest in professional qualification to work in this sector. In this sense, the perspective of professors and field professionals is that training in the labor market will be necessary so that the development of new technology can be monitored.

Alex Regis

The telecommunications area is betting on the 5G network as an opportunity to disrupt many areas of knowledge in the coming years

About 50,000 jobs should be created this year across the country with the arrival of 5G, estimates Conexis Brasil Digital, an organization that brings together telecom and telecommunications companies, and Brasscom (the Brazilian Association of Information and Communications). In Rio Grande do Norte, there are initiatives implemented by institutes such as Metrópole Digital (UFRN) and SENAI in order to prepare the workforce for future businesses.

Last December, the companies that won the 5G auction signed the concession contracts for the 5G auction, which took place in November, with permission to use 700MHz radio frequencies; 2.3 GHz, 3.5 GHz and 26 GHz. The signature indicates the permission to use the frequencies offered in the auction for the provision of telecommunication services.

Professor Augusto Neto, of the Metropol Digital Institute, at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), believes the market is not yet ready. “Enabling 5G is critical. What happens with 5G is that disruptive technologies have been thought of, for example, software networking and cloud-native environments. These are computer science concepts that are well laid out and we have well-trained professionals. Telecom engineers must begin to know These concepts at the same time that those who work in computing should know the communication aspects, that is, they will need a change in the menus and contents of these courses in order to be able to accommodate this new type of professional”, suggests the teacher.

At UFRN, Instituto Metrópole Digital runs the HAINA project in partnership with the Chinese company Huawei. This is an online course, with live classes, to provide training and certification within Huawei HCIA – Routing & Switching Academy. To this end, the initiative aims to validate the knowledge and skills necessary for the basic formation and maintenance of small and medium networks.

“We had a high rate of certifications, as we had 60 people, and another 200 trained. We have created a working team of specialists in electrical and computer engineering, communications engineering, computer science and software engineering just to work with 5G,” explained Professor Augusto Neto.

According to him, this is necessary because vacancies will be opened in the field of ICT and those who are already operating 4G will need to update their technologies and knowledge. “The computer network, then, will need professionals who know this from start to finish. This is from a communications perspective,” he noted.

From a market perspective, new technology offers great potential for the emergence of new companies in this sector. New companies will appear, new start-ups to develop services, applications and applications aimed at 5G. So there will be a ridiculous race in the market, from the assembly of infrastructure ”, suggests the professor. At the SENAI Institute for Innovation in Renewable Energies, Director Rodrigo Mello also points to initiatives for professionals to prepare for the new market moment.

“Here at the center, we are training people in telecom. We are in the process of installing the Robotics Industry 4.0 laboratory with 5G technology, and finalizing negotiations with Nokia to conduct this installation here. These are the activities dealing with professional profiles in the telecommunications chain. There are already a lot of people working, shooting fibers, installing antennas, and this would be a great employment opportunity,” Milo explained.

The laboratory is expected to be established later this year in the structure of CTGAS – SENAI’s unit specializing in education solutions and services for the industrial sector – as a kind of “small industry” that prepares workers for the “industry of the future”.” The laboratory should include industrial facilities Equipped with 5G technology, using the Internet of Things (Internet of Things), cloud computing, and industrial robotics.

Vacancies indicate attractive salaries
5G technology is expected to lead to the creation of careers such as data analysts, data scientists, and big data specialists, for example, as well as positions related to information security and data protection.

Professor Erivelton Xavier de Lima, of the University of Boutegoire (UnP), is drawing attention to investing in cybersecurity. “The arrival of this 5G technology increases these risks. So it is necessary to take care of this issue of security and for that more professionals who are able to deal with ensuring that. Both hardware and software, there is a concern that you will be able to fill in the gaps that exist in the virtual world. This security issue is a challenge,” noted Prof.

The sector is attractive because it is one of the best-traded companies, according to data from the Consortium of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) and Digital Technologies (Brascom). The average wage for the high value-added services subsector is R$ 5.8 thousand, 2.9 times higher than the national average salary, according to information from IBGE, Rais and Caged.

For Rodrigo Mello, Director of Instituto Senai, the market has begun to experiment with an update for its professionals and everything should benefit from what is already implemented with 4G, in harmony between the different functions.

Disclosure / Sinai
Milo, Director of the Sinai Institute, comments on

Milo, Director of the Sinai Institute, comments on

“It would be very precise: the person who works with the cloud with the person who installs the IoT; one who works with the devices side by side because they work very closely together. So we think 5G is also a small part of that. Today, when we talk about 5G, We see a lot of people who are going to install the antenna and the guy who is going to program your cell phone. But that’s the end of the line. There’s a guy from the connection you won’t meet,” he explained.

Create new apps and features
From democratizing access to services to the viability of autonomous cars and smart cities, 5G networks will have unimaginable applications, according to Professor Augusto Neto, of the Metropole Digital Institute. We expect a revolution, not just an improvement. It will open the door to opportunities for smart services, which are not possible in the technologies available today from the fourth generation and beyond.

When 5G is fully implemented in Brazil, the capacity of the access network, the networks that provide connectivity to the end user of the Internet, must be expanded to unprecedented levels from 10 to 100 times more, both wireless and mobile. The professor predicts: “This should accommodate applications, such as holographic appeals, for example, full virtual reality in the midst of people, in different perspectives of work, and conferences.”

Multimedia tools are also expected to evolve. A football game, for example, can be viewed on the screens in a more independent way, by touching the screen and selecting and collecting images from several cameras installed in the stadium. “The tangible internet, which will essentially be a person controlling robotic equipment from a distance, will open up possibilities for remote surgeries, professionals in other countries operating robots to disarm bombs, machines in agriculture, autonomous cars… In fact, 5G will revolutionize Bring the most advanced scenario to our lives”, suggests Professor Augusto Neto.

In addition to the citizen, the industry will benefit greatly, according to Rodrigo Mello, director of the Sinai Institute. It is associated with the need for data transmission in the wind industry, for example, which is almost always located in hard-to-reach places. “These companies are investing a fortune in attracting optical fibers to very far places to have the minimum quality of communication available to run the park. A mining company also finds it difficult to communicate due to being in places far from large centers. 5G comes to overcome this shortage and ensure speed in transmission data,” concludes the director.

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