Technology is inherent to man and is characterized by paradox, says professor – Jornal da USP

Professor Lucia Santaella is completing a term in the Oscar Sala Chair dedicated to the study of human-centered artificial intelligence

by Louise Prado

Photo: Photomontage by Guilherme Castro with images from Pixabay and IEA / USP

After one year, Theucia Santaella says goodbye to her berryThefrom front The Oscar Sala Chair, an initiative of the Institute for Advanced Study (IEA) of the University of the South Pacific in partnership with The Brazil Internet Steering Committee ( it’s the Information and Coordination Center in Punto BR ( Lucia, a professor in the Graduate Program in Communication and Semiotics at the Pontifical Catholic University (PUC) in São Paulo, was the first person to hold the chair, and his proposal was to guide and nurture an interdisciplinary exchange of knowledge with the Internet. . and your tools. On Monday, 25, she was replaced by Professor Virgilio Almeida (read more here).

to me USP . magazineLucia explains that the center of her interests during her tenure was to think of a new interdisciplinary model, which would break away from traditional forms of university structure. At the point of development of science, knowledge, and technology where we, although necessarily continuing to exist, have arisen meArtificial Intelligence (IThe) evokes a true symbiosis among those who were traditionally called two culturesAnd Secondly SP Snow‘ explains the teacher.. “Human-centric artificial intelligence alerts us to the fact that the boundaries between so-called hard sciencesApplied sciences, social sciences and humanitieses. “

Professor Lucia Santaella – Photo: IEA / USP

To find these new paradigms of multiple disciplines, Lucia chose to make the chair Think about the coexistence of humans and technologies, with an emphasis on artificial intelligence. “Artificial intelligence is pervasive in all sub-technologies and all human activities. Tech lovers can attack whatever they want. The paradoxical growth of intelligence is found in the bloodstream of saneSince the species started talking,” the professor comments. “Considering my training lacks science Difficult, Except for a little knowledge of biology, I took one of the great topics of the moment, human-centered artificial intelligence as a guideline. But it was necessary to go beyond proposals that are still largely related to the technical developments of machine learning and deep learning, and in relation to humans, to go beyond concerns that are still limited to the social issue of business change. The dilemmas are wider.

Lucia says her thesis begins with an expulsion Any notion that technologies are foreign bodies to humans. “On the contrary, because he speaks, man is technical at first”, teacher saysssura. Freud already said that the human being is a deformed being, meaning that he is both in and outside nature, an idea also developed by Morin, in man puzzleUnder the name of the anthropological divide. As technologies advance and become more and more complex, they simultaneously expand contradictions and paradoxes sane Always carry it with him. At the point we are in today, the anthropological divide has widened, and the side effects of technologies have flourished and accumulated so quickly that it is difficult to find ways to overcome them at the same pace.”

According to Professor nerve point Among these side effects, faced by both societies Generally As for the human psyche, It includes The Degradation of the biosphere under the influence of “Capitalocene” – a term that Lucia considers more accurate than the Anthropocene. behind, Negative aspects Give meintelligence Theartificial The spread of lies and misinformation, what or what Turns the old dream of democratizing the word into a nightmare, Are other contradictions to be faced.

In the face of these challenges, Lucia’s position was not pessimistic, and the way the chair’s work was organized underscores her desire to find ways. We cannot delve into a dystopia and drown in it. It is necessary to look for a balance scale. The most striking feature of the technologies since they began to be installed in the electromechanical age, which is getting more and more acute, is found in the inconsistency. It is necessary to find the strength of the confrontation on the other side of the scale. After all, one cannot give up points for a death drive. Eros must take over the leadership role.”

With this in mind, Lucia set offu On the topic of human-centered artificial intelligence How do aThis type of Umbrella of themes organized in a contrapuntal manner. is yours interest, according to fuAnd I think that Interdisciplinary on new grounds, defending core values ​​of democracy, reflecting on governance and security in the face of network contradictions and reflecting on potential directions for sustainability in a world in crisis.

I chose the processes of advancing knowledge, rather than a series of accidental events that leave few roots.” The teacher explains. To ensure interdisciplinarity, sub-topics have been thought of as a counterpoints You can face in a controversial way the contradictions and dilemmas that affect us today. That is, thinking for and thinking against, and better yet, thinking in the plural.”

In this way, the chair work focused on Topics like Technological expansion and network security, the relationship between surveillance capitalism and planetary citizenship, risks to ethics and democracy, andM It contrasts with the promotion of AI in culture, creativity, and debate that includes the Anthropocene and the new political ecology. In addition to these sub-themes, which occupied every month of their activity, Lucia Suspension That the president also paid attention to more specific issues, such as the legal framework for artificial intelligence and the metaverse. For all these discussions, a team of Brazilian intellectuals, including professors from several USP units, were called upon, Creating study groups that included researchers from different fronts.

Photo: Pixabay

What seems to me most apt and innovative in the chair’s work is that the brilliant lectures have served as catalysts for the development of a collaborative intelligence environment, free from the strict hierarchies common in the university system,” Suspension. “Seeking an escape from traditional practices, the sub-topics of the lectures were expanded into a research program within a study group developed in the chair. We called for the creation of this group, and for reasons that can be explained by the stature of the watchdog, we had approximately 200 applicants, 60 selected Of them. The selection criteria were guided by the principle of diversity: field of training, level of training, gender, regional area of ​​Brazil. Thus, an exceptionally impressive, participatory, heterogeneous group was formed.

Lucia also cites, as one of the most notable activities who coordinate, Date Organized for discussion Some recently released books, the contents of which are dialogue with Objectives da cether: Photo PoliciesAnd Professor at the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism (FAU) from USP Gisele Bigolmann, Super Industry of ImaginationDrProfessor in the School of Communication and Arts (ECA) and Supervisor of Social Communication at the University of the South Pacific Eugenio Pucci, non-civil societyDrProfessor at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) Moniz Sodry, And digital citizenshipDrHe is also a professor at the Egyptian Chefs Association Massimo de VelikAnd. TBusiness that can be linked to an integrative view, according to the professor.

Beyond the magic they produce, today’s images have commodified the eye’s attraction, shaping themselves into the zeros of economic and political tensions and conflicts”, Lucia formula. The extraction of personal data, with good taste offered by users of social networks on the Internet, creates the aesthetics of observation that, through the digital subconscious, nourishes the super-industry of the imagination. Thus, new forms of data capitalism, surveillance, platform, information capitalism, and new data colonization emerge, whose various names pursue one goal: to examine the invisible tricks of their operations. The ideals of the old liberal civilization are falling to the ground, giving way to a new “illiberal” in an uncivil society that carries with it disturbing threats to the stability of democracy and institutions in different regions of the planet.

The professor continues to think. “The idea of ​​a shift in the tectonic plates below us is appropriate, given the major shifts in the social production of the subject and in the composition of the public sphere. The astonishing pace of digital evolution, combined with climate change, has led to the breakdown of intrinsic ontologies and the need to recreate not only human habitat conditions, but also our idea of ​​man. A new concept of trans-organic digital citizenship, without a subject and without an object, is emerging in the material-informational architectures of network ecology.”

At the end of his tenure at the professorship, Lucia says so now Preparation Publication of a compilation of guest transcripts for lectures given during the year, Next to work in He separatesdog at p . filereview to publish in magazine. We have to invest in the fruit that removes the erosion of time in memory, especially in a country like ours, which invests and celebrates the dissipation of memory, both beneficial and harmful. This is very sad, because no present can dream of a better future when the past is forgotten.” Professorship End.

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