Photo: Wikimedia / clone
When we talk about the breed, we are referring to a group of dogs that have a certain set of predetermined characteristics. Usually these animals breed only among themselves, generating fertile offspring with the same appearance. Today, the International Canine Science Federation officially recognizes about 370 different dog breeds.
This number was much higher in the past, with ferrets having social roles that go beyond pure companionship. She told the BBC’s history of the breed and cited some extinct dogs that succeeded at other times. Check out what they are:
At first glance, the Turnspit may resemble a dachshund, with sausage-shaped and short legs. However, it does have some unique details, such as its thick fur, intricate tail, and ears that sometimes resemble those of a spaniel.
The extinct race in the Victorian era, lived an uncomfortable life. Turnspit literally means “turning skewer,” a name that lives up to his previous job. These animals lived in kitchens on large farms, where they were supposed to spin on hamster wheels attached to a rotating skewer on which meat was roasted.
At the turn of the nineteenth century, mechanical spindles appeared. Dogs were rejected as pets because they were considered too rustic and hideous. With no roles to play in the kitchen, the animal became extinct. Today, there is only one stuffed specimen on display at Abergavenny Castle in Wales.
The Poi was a Hawaiian dog, bred as a vegetarian goat. Interestingly, it was a companion animal to the Polynesians, and was also a source of food for them. However, their meat appeared only on festive holidays.
The people of Hawaii were fond of the animal, but European travelers who arrived on the island in the 19th century were not happy with what they saw. Poi could not bark, only howled and shrieked, and his appearance, described as emaciated and quirky, was not pleasing either.
Over time, settlers took their dogs to Hawaii. The habit of eating pets became unacceptable with the arrival of the Europeans, and the poi became extinct.
The Salish Walleye dog lived in Canada during the nineteenth century, and was a soft animal, constantly mowed to remove its wool and put on blankets. They lived in groups of 12 to 20 animals and ate mainly raw and cooked salmon.
At the same time, they were great companions of man, receiving names and being buried after death. Like the Poi, the Salish became extinct after the arrival of settlers, who brought in new materials and changed the local textile culture.
The Molossus was a dog from ancient Greece that was used as a livestock keeper and also as a war dog. Some say that these animals, which originated in the ancient Greek tribe of Molossus, fought lions, elephants, and even men on the battlefields.
The breed was an important ancestor of modern dogs such as the Saint Bernard, Rottweiler, Great Dane, Newfoundland and Tibetan Mastiff.
The Beritas cannot be said to constitute a well-defined race as we have today. Some writers describe these dogs as athletic and exceptional runners, while others describe them as slow animals that used their noses above all else.
In any case, Peretas was a special dog, considered a favorite of Alexander the Great. The animal accompanied the king in his battles, and when he died, he was honored with the name of a city. With the size made, it can’t be left out of this list.